Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti),
is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia with the capital of Ankara. It is mainly located on the Anatolian peninsula
in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara,
and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia;
they also separate Europe and Asia. Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of
significant geostrategic importance.
The name of Turkey is based on the ethnonym Türk. The first recorded use of the term "Türk" or "Türük"
as an autonym is contained in the Old Turkic inscriptions of the Göktürks (Celestial Turks) of Central Asia
(c. 8th century).
Turkic peoples that live in Turkey are: Turks, Azaris, Tatars, Karachays, Karapapaks, Uzbeks, Crimean Tatars,