In accordance with Constitution of Bashkortostan and Russian Federation Constitution, it is a state, but has no sovereignty. On the 11th of October, 1990, Bashkortostan adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty, but subsequently abandoned it. October, 11 is a Republic Day in Bashkortostan.
The name "Bashkortostan" derives from the name of the Bashkir ethnic group, also known as Bashkorts. While the root of the name is Turkic (it is a combination of of a word "baş", which means "head, chief, main, principal" in many Turkic languages, and "qurt" , which means "wolf", an animal sacred to the Turkic peoples.)
The Bashkir language belongs to the Kypchak branch of the Turkic languages.